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Dicentra cucullaria

Dutchman's Breeches

A relative of the Bleeding Heart, this plant has unique, fragrant flowers that look like breeches hanging upside down. They flower in early spring. The fern-like foliage is an attractive bluish green. Perfect for grouping in cool moist, shady areas, it will go dormant in hot summer weather.

 

Benefits

  • Fragrant white and yellow flowers bloom in early spring
  • Perfect for a woodland garden
  • The sweet nectar attracts early bees
  • Attracts butterflies and skippers
  • Attractive fern-like foliage turns light yellow before going dormant

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

This is a spring ephemeral which usually disappears from the garden by early summer. Best naturalized in woodland, wildflower or native plant gardens. 


Height
6-12 Inches

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Spread
6-12 Inches

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-7

Native Range

Found on humus-rich, acid to neutral soils. Tolerates limestone.

Native Trivia

The name Dutchman's Breeches comes from the shape of the flowers that look like a pair of breeches hung upside down. 

Characteristics & Attributes

Shade
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Deer Resistant
Plan Sub Group
Low Perennials
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil
Acidic
Heavy clay
Humus-rich
Well-drained
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Critter Resistance
Rabbit Resistant
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Native Habitat
Forest
Foliage Color
Blue-green
Green
Uses
Border
Cut or dried flower
Edging
Fragrant
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin