Previous Plant Next Plant

Corylus cornuta

Beaked Hazelnut

The male catkins appear in winter, an early reminder that spring is on its way. The reddish female flowers are quite small in comparison to the catkins but never the less develop into edible hazelnuts. The nuts are an important food source for a wide array of wildlife. This species likes partial shade with some soil moisture. It makes an excellent choice for re-vegetating a stream bank during a restoration project. Studies at OSU have determined that the native beaked hazelnut is not susceptible to eastern filbert blight.

Benefits

  • Attracts butterflies, host plant for the early hairstreak butterfly
  • Favorite food of grouse, pheasant, woodpecker and blue jay
  • Spring catkins are a protein source for grouse and American woodcock
  • Squirrels and chipmunks love the protein and fat rich nuts
  • Edible nuts are delicious fresh or cooked

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grows well in moist to dry, well-drained soil in part to full shade. It may be pruned at any time.


Height
6-12 ft

spacer

Spread
6-12 ft

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Found in upland forests and thickets.

Native Trivia

Native Americans gathered the nuts in early autumn and ate them raw or roasted. They were also pounded into cakes with berries, meat, or animal fat. The nut's milk was used to cure coughs and colds, to heal cuts, and as an astringent. The wood was fashioned into arrows, fishing traps, hooks, and spoons. 

Characteristics & Attributes

Shade
Sun
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Songbirds
Plan Sub Group
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil
Heavy clay
Humus-rich
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Mammals
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Habitat Collection
Songbird
Native Habitat
Forest
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Drought tolerant
Hedge, screen
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Ornamental fruit
Wind tolerant
Native to
Alabama
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Iowa
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Montana
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming