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Aquilegia formosa

Western Columbine

Deep red nodding flowers with yellow centers float above bright green foliage on long, thin stems. They flower for many weeks starting in late April. This plant loves partially to fully shaded woodland areas, is easy to grow and very adaptable. Great nectar source for native butterflies and hummingbirds.

Benefits

  • Nectar attracts native bees and butterflies
  • Many songbirds feast on the flower seeds
  • Very adaptable and easy to grow
  • Hummingbirds love nectar
  • Perfect for massing in a shady area

Height
18-36 Inches

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Spread
15-18 Inches

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Alaska south into Northern California and east into Montana and south to Utah and Nevada.

Native Trivia

This plant was used by Native Americans as a sweet nectar treat while seeds were used in perfume or as a analgesic and antirheumatic. Many thought this plant was a good luck charm, while others thought picking the flower would lead to rain.

Characteristics & Attributes

Shade
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Songbirds
Deer Resistant
Plan Sub Group
Low Perennials
Medium Perennials
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Hummingbirds
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Late Spring / Early Summer
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Native Habitat
Desert
Foliage Color
Blue-green
Dark Green
Green
Uses
Accent
Border
Container
Cut or dried flower
Drought tolerant
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Rock garden
Specimen
Native to
Alaska
Arkansas
California
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
Oregon
Utah
Washington
Wyoming