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Viburnum trilobum

American Cranberry Viburnum /

Flat-topped clusters of white flowers up to 4" across bloom in May, providing nectar for butterflies, native bees and other pollinators. Flowers are followed by clusters of brilliant red fruit staying on the plant into late winter when they are finally eaten by birds. New leaves have a reddish cast while fall foliage is yellow through red-purple.

Benefits

  • Flowers provide nectar for butterflies and other pollinators
  • Plants provide good nesting sites and cover for birds
  • Red-purple foliage contrasts with blue-black fruit in the fall
  • Berries are a great source of winter food for birds and other wildlife
  • Good plant for screening or a large hedge

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Plant in full sun to part shade. Grows best in well-drained, moist soil. Makes a good hedge or privacy screen.


Height
8-10 Feet

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Spread
8-10 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-7

Native Range

Damp thickets, low woods and swamps; Newfoundland to British Columbia south to Washington, Iowa, Ohio and Pennsylvania.

Native Trivia

The brilliant red fruits are edible but quite sour and have been used for preserves since colonial times. They tend to be hard, marble-like or bitter after they form, thus persisting through the early winter. As the fruit matures and goes through winter, it eventually becomes palatable and highly sought by wildlife.


"This plant's long lasting berries are an outstanding winter food source for birds."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
  • Filtered Shade
  • Sun
Soil
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Moist
Attracts Wildlife
  • Beneficial insects
  • Butterflies
  • Mammals
  • Songbirds
Bloom Time
  • Late Spring / Early Summer
Habitat Collection
  • Butterfly
  • Songbird
  • Wet Sun
Native Habitat
  • Forest
Foliage Color
  • Green
  • Red-Purple
Uses
  • Border
  • Cut or dried flower
  • Hedge, screen
  • Mass plant
  • Meadow
  • Naturalizes
  • Ornamental fruit
Native to
  • Connecticut
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming