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Monarda fistulosa

Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa has lovely lavender flowers atop aromatic foliage. Easy to grow in a perennial border, wildflower garden or meadow. Wild bergamot is a great naturalizing wildflower and a magnet for butterflies and hummingbirds. Monarda fistulosa prefers dry to moist, organically rich, well-drained soil in full to part sun. More prolific in full sun and moist soils.

Benefits

Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
Deer resistant; resists powdery mildew and drought
Thrives in full sun or partial shade
Flowers for many weeks in summer
Stems provide winter cover for beneficial insects

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates dry soil and some drought. Plant in an area with good air circulation. Remove old flower heads the first few weeks plants are blooming to prolong bloom. After that, let flowers go to seed so birds and other creatures can eat the seed. Leave the stems standing in winter to provide homes for beneficial insects.


Height
3-4 Feet

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Spread
3-4 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9

Native Range

Woods, thickets and prairies; Quebec to Manitoba and British Columbia south to Arizona and Georgia.

Native Trivia

Butterflies use their tarsi or "feet" as taste receptors. When they contact sweet liquids such as nectar butterflies extend their proboscis to eat the nectar sensed by the taste receptors.


"Plant plenty of this nectar plant for my hummingbird buddies and us butterflies."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Medium Perennials
Medium to Tall Perennials
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Sun
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Dry
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Late Summer
Summer
Critter Resistance
Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Dry Shade
Native Habitat
Grassland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Border
Cut or dried flower
Drought tolerant
Fragrant
Mass plant
Meadow
Naturalizes
Native to
Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming