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Osmunda cinnamomea

Cinnamon Fern

Cinnamon fern is a regal, upright, vase-shaped fern with lustrous green fronds. Showy, spore-bearing, stiff, fertile fronds appear in early spring and turn quickly bright cinnamon-brown, hence its common name. Ferns provide seasonal cover and hiding places for ground frequenting birds such as ovenbirds, waterthrushes, wood thrushes, Kentucky and hooded warblers, robins and Carolina wrens.

Benefits

Provides seasonal cover for birds and other wildlife
Thrives in moist soil, from full sun to partial shade
These plants spread very slowly, so can be used as a companion plant with other natives
Fronds are used in fresh arrangements

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in part to full shade. Tolerates full sun with sufficient moisture. Prefers acidic, rich soil with constant moisture but adapts in less favorable conditions. Grows well in wet areas, near streams or ponds. May be slow to get established but plants are very long-lived.


Height
2-3 Feet

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Spread
2-3 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9

Native Range

Wet woods, ponds, streams and ditches; Labrador to Minnesota south to Texas and Florida.

Native Trivia

Hummingbirds use the fine, hairy fibers from these stems to make a soft, silky lining for their nests.


"This beautiful fern is native to 33 states so there's always some to shelter my frog family and friends."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Medium Perennials
Medium to Tall Perennials
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Shade
Sun
Soil
Acidic
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Wet
Attracts Wildlife
Mammals
Songbirds
Habitat Collection
Songbird
Wet Sun
Native Habitat
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Accent
Bog, water garden
Cut or dried flower
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin