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Amelanchier canadensis

Shadblow

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Serviceberry is one of the first native trees to bloom each spring.  Showy, fragrant white flowers bloom even before the leaves appear. The nectar attracts butterflies and other pollinators. Flowers give rise to purple-black berries relished by both songbirds and people. Flavorful berries can be used in jams, jellies and pies. The colorful fall foliage is a blend of orange, gold, red and green.

Benefits

Blooms early, even before the leaves appear
Nectar attracts butterflies and other pollinators
Provides berries for robins, bluebirds and other birds
Handsome landscape plant that grows well in moist soil
Great fall color

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun or part shade. Adaptable, but performs best in moist, well-drained soil. Root suckers are common and if not removed, will result in a shrubby growth habit for the plant. You can remove the shoots and grow as a single stemed tree.


Height
25-30 Feet

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Spread
15-20 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Within 200 miles of the Atlantic Coast from Newfoundland to Mississippi.

Distribution Maps by State and County

Native Trivia

Researchers have documented at least 26 different types of wildlife that feed on this plant. It is especially popular with songbirds starting in June when the fruit reaches maturity.


"This plant thrives in the moist areas where us frogs live, but it's very adaptable."

Good Companions
Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis), Pennsylvania Sedge (Carex pensylvanica), Labrador Violet (Viola labradorica)

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Deciduous Trees
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Shade
Sun
Soil
Heavy clay
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Amphibians
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Wet Sun
Native Habitat
Coastal
Grassland
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Dark Green
Green
Light Green
Uses
Accent
Border
Fragrant
Hedge, screen
Mass plant
Meadow
Naturalizes
Ornamental fruit
Specimen
Native to
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
West Virginia