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Amelanchier canadensis

Shadblow /

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Serviceberry is one of the first native trees to bloom each spring.  Showy, fragrant white flowers bloom even before the leaves appear. The nectar attracts butterflies and other pollinators. Flowers give rise to purple-black berries relished by both songbirds and people. Flavorful berries can be used in jams, jellies and pies. The colorful fall foliage is a blend of orange, gold, red and green.


  • Blooms early, even before the leaves appear
  • Nectar attracts butterflies and other pollinators
  • Provides berries for robins, bluebirds and other birds
  • Handsome landscape plant that grows well in moist soil
  • Great fall color

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun or part shade. Adaptable, but performs best in moist, well-drained soil. Root suckers are common and if not removed, will result in a shrubby growth habit for the plant. You can remove the shoots and grow as a single stemed tree.

25-30 Feet


15-20 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Within 200 miles of the Atlantic Coast from Newfoundland to Mississippi.

Distribution Maps by State and County

Native Trivia

Researchers have documented at least 26 different types of wildlife that feed on this plant. It is especially popular with songbirds starting in June when the fruit reaches maturity.

"This plant thrives in the moist areas where us frogs live, but it's very adaptable."

Good Companions
Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis), Pennsylvania Sedge (Carex pensylvanica), Labrador Violet (Viola labradorica), Eastern Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus)

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Deciduous Trees
  • Medium to Tall Shrubs
  • Filtered Shade
  • Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
  • Shade
  • Sun
  • Heavy clay
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Moist
  • Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
  • Amphibians
  • Beneficial insects
  • Butterflies
  • Mammals
  • Songbirds
Bloom Time
  • Early Spring
Habitat Collection
  • Butterfly
  • Songbird
  • Wet Sun
Native Habitat
  • Coastal
  • Grassland
  • Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
  • Dark Green
  • Green
  • Light Green
  • Accent
  • Border
  • Fragrant
  • Hedge, screen
  • Mass plant
  • Meadow
  • Naturalizes
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Specimen
Native to
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Mississippi
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia