Previous Plant Next Plant

Sambucus canadensis 'Adams'

Elderberry

American elderberry is a thicket-forming shrub with large flat-topped clusters of small, fragrant white flowers in spring. The flowers are a good source of nectar for small insects. This variety was selected for its large clusters of dark blue to black fruit in late summer to fall. The fruit is an outstanding source of food for birds and other wildlife. The old stems provide over-wintering sites for insects. Birds such as woodpeckers then forage in the clumps for the insects.

Benefits

Flowers provide nectar for pollinators
The fruit is favored by birds and other wildlife
Old stems provide habitat for over-wintering insects
Excellent for naturalizing in moist soil

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Plant in full sun to part shade. Grow in medium wet, well-drained soil. Prefers moist, organically rich soil. Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring. Can be cut to the ground every two years to encourage denser growth.


Height
8-10 Feet

spacer

Spread
8-10 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9

Native Range

Moist woods, fields, and roadsides; Nova Scotia to Manitoba south to Mexico and Florida.

Native Trivia

The fresh fruits from the elderberry shrub may be used like other berries such as a topping for ice cream and pancakes, in cobblers, or even just eaten fresh.


"You'll love this fruit in jellies, pies, preserves and wines just as much as birds like it!"

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Sun
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Summer
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Wet Sun
Native Habitat
Grassland
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Bog, water garden
Border
Cut or dried flower
Erosion control
Hedge, screen
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Ornamental fruit
Native to
Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming