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Sambucus caerulea

Blue Elderberry

This large decidous shrub features compound bright green leaves starting in April followed by dense clusters of white flat topped flowers in late May. These flowers provide nectar and pollen to many winged creatures while sky blue berry clusters are heavy, edible and prized by native birds.

Benefits

Fragrant flowers attract native butterflies
Tolerates wet feet
Easy care and fast growing
Unusual berry color brightens the landscape
Native songbirds love its fall berries
Berries make great wine or jam

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers full sun to partial shade, well drained moist to dry soil.


Height
15-20 Feet

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Spread
15-20 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 5-10

Native Range

Forest edge or stream sidee from Washington south into California and east through the Rocky Mountain States, New Mexico and Texas.

Native Trivia

Most songbirds travel at night. They spend the daylight hours resting and searching for food in the unfamiliar places where they stop. It is thought that the lower night temperatures and stiller air make better flying conditions.


"You'll love this fruit in jellies, pies, preserves and wines just as much as I like it!"

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Sun
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Butterflies
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Late Spring / Early Summer
Summer
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Wet Sun
Native Habitat
Coastal
Forest
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Bog, water garden
Border
Cut or dried flower
Hedge, screen
Naturalizes
Ornamental fruit
Native to
Arizona
California
Colorado
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
New Mexico
Oregon
Texas
Utah
Washington
Wyoming