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Amelanchier laevis

Allegheny Serviceberry

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Allegheny Serviceberry is a native tree for all seasons. In April and May it has beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented and provide nectar for the season's early bees and butterflies. In mid summer its fruits ripen to brilliant violet pink, aging to deep blue purple when fully ripe. Its leaves play occasional host to the larvae of viceroy, striped hairstreak, and Canadian tiger swallowtail butterflies. And the grand finale comes in fall with brilliant oranges, yellows and reds as the leaves prepare to drop. Amelanchier laevis is found in moist woods and meadows, but tolerates most any garden situation. It will bloom more in full sun, but have a more open and graceful habit in shade. It is drought tolerant once established, but will grow taller and faster in consistently moist soils. Amelanchier can be grown as a small tree pruned to become a densely branched shrub.

Benefits

Fragrant spring flowers
Easy to grow and widely adaptable
Edible berries in summer
Gorgeous fall color

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Plant Allegheny Serviceberry in average or moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Adapts to dry conditions but performs best in moist, well-drained soil.

Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized at planting or during the first growing season.

Easy to grow and requires little care once established.


Height
15-30 Feet

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Spread
10-15 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Allegheny Serviceberry is found in open woods and moist meadows throughout eastern North America. Distribution Map

Native Trivia
The sweet, juicy fruits are edible and rich in iron and copper. Native peoples dried the small pomes like raisins or mashed and dried them in cakes. Trees of Ontario by Linda Kershaw


"Amelanchier berries are enjoyed by cardinals, waxwings, hairy woodpeckers, thrushes, catbirds, orioles, and robins."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Deciduous Trees
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Sun
Soil
Acidic
Humus-rich
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Wet
Attracts Wildlife
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Habitat Collection
Songbird
Native Habitat
Forest
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Blue-green
Green
Orange
Yellow
Uses
Border
Fragrant
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Ornamental fruit
Specimen
Native to
Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin