Previous Plant Next Plant

Amelanchier laevis

Allegheny Serviceberry /

<< PREV Image 1 of 4 NEXT >>

Allegheny Serviceberry is a native tree for all seasons. In April and May it has beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented and provide nectar for the season's early bees and butterflies. In mid summer its fruits ripen to brilliant violet pink, aging to deep blue purple when fully ripe. Its leaves play occasional host to the larvae of viceroy, striped hairstreak, and Canadian tiger swallowtail butterflies. And the grand finale comes in fall with brilliant oranges, yellows and reds as the leaves prepare to drop. Amelanchier laevis is found in moist woods and meadows, but tolerates most any garden situation. It will bloom more in full sun, but have a more open and graceful habit in shade. It is drought tolerant once established, but will grow taller and faster in consistently moist soils. Amelanchier can be grown as a small tree pruned to become a densely branched shrub.

Benefits

  • Fragrant spring flowers
  • Easy to grow and widely adaptable
  • Edible berries in summer
  • Gorgeous fall color

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Plant Allegheny Serviceberry in average or moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Adapts to dry conditions but performs best in moist, well-drained soil.

Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized at planting or during the first growing season.

Easy to grow and requires little care once established.


Height
15-30 Feet

spacer

Spread
10-15 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Allegheny Serviceberry is found in open woods and moist meadows throughout eastern North America. Distribution Map

Native Trivia
The sweet, juicy fruits are edible and rich in iron and copper. Native peoples dried the small pomes like raisins or mashed and dried them in cakes. Trees of Ontario by Linda Kershaw


"Amelanchier berries are enjoyed by cardinals, waxwings, hairy woodpeckers, thrushes, catbirds, orioles, and robins."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Deciduous Trees
  • Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
  • Filtered Shade
  • Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
  • Sun
Soil
  • Acidic
  • Humus-rich
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Moist
  • Moist but well-drained
  • Wet
Attracts Wildlife
  • Beneficial insects
  • Butterflies
  • Mammals
  • Songbirds
Bloom Time
  • Early Spring
Habitat Collection
  • Songbird
Native Habitat
  • Forest
  • Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
  • Blue-green
  • Green
  • Orange
  • Yellow
Uses
  • Border
  • Fragrant
  • Mass plant
  • Naturalizes
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Specimen
Native to
  • Alabama
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin