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Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'

Switchgrass /

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Shenandoah's steely blue-green upright foliage slowly adds a dose of burgundy that increases as the season progresses. Late fall's stunning red color is enhanced by delicate, small red flower plumes that float above the foliage. Perfect for grouping in sun and ideal for attracting birds.


  • Compact form with showy red fall foliage
  • Great fall and winter interest
  • Provides nest sites, cover and food for birds
  • An essential larval host for most banded skippers and satyrs
  • Thrives in a wide range of conditions
  • Attractive in dried flower arrangements
  • Stunning when planted in groups

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Adaptable to a wide range of soils, including dry ones, but prefers moist, sandy or clay soils. Cut back clumps to the ground in late winter to early spring. 

3-4 Feet


18-24 Inches

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

Native Range

Prairies and open woods of nearly all of the US with the exception of the west coast states.

Native Trivia

Clumping grasses, like 'Shenandoah', are known as bunch grasses. Use them in groups mixed with meadow shrubs to provide an ideal wildlife habitat. This kind of layout provides protective cover, quality nesting areas, food and open travel lanes.

"In winter, when food and cover are scarce, switchgrass is a provider of both for birds like me."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Medium to Tall Grasses
  • Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
  • Sun
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Dry
  • Moist
  • Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
  • Songbirds
Bloom Time
  • Fall
  • Late Summer
Critter Resistance
  • Deer Resistant
Habitat Collection
  • Songbird
Native Habitat
  • Forest
  • Grassland
Foliage Color
  • Blue-green
  • Accent
  • Border
  • Cut or dried flower
  • Drought tolerant
  • Edging
  • Erosion control
  • Ground cover
  • Mass plant
  • Meadow
  • Naturalizes
  • Rock garden
  • Specimen
  • Wind tolerant
Native to
  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming