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Betula nigra 'Heritage'

River Birch

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'Heritage' is a vigorous, fast-growing tree with layers of cinnamon, salmon and brown bark peeling back in big sheets to reveal creamy white inner bark. It can be grown as either a single trunk or multi-stemmed tree and is especially effective when multiple trees are placed together in a grove. Chickadees, song and white-throated sparrows, wild turkey, pine siskins, finches and other birds love the seed. Trees also provide great cover and nesting sites. Good yellow fall color and excellent disease and pest resistance.

Benefits

Tolerates really wet soil but adapts to drier ground, too
'Heritage' is very fast growing and has outstanding, multi-colored bark for year round interest
Larval food source for Mourning cloaks, Canadian tiger swallowtails and dreamy duskywing butterflies
Birds and other mammals feed on seed in the winter
Provides cover and nest sites for all kinds of birds
Extremely resistant to bronze birch borer and leaf spot diseases

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, acidic soil with good drainage but grows well in drier soil. Adapts to clay soil and will tolerate standing water for short periods. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running.


Height
35-40 Feet

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Spread
30-35 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

Native Range

Riverbanks and floodplains often subject to periodic flooding; Massachusetts to New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Minnesota south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.

Native Trivia

Dating back to the 1800s, birch beer is a carbonated drink (usually nonalcoholic) flavored with an extract from birch bark and twigs. It's sweet and tastes similar to root beer. Native Americans used the boiled sap as a sweetener similar to maple syrup, and the inner bark as a survival food.


"This is a gold mine for birds, butterflies & other critters that take shelter in and feed here."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Deciduous Trees
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Sun
Soil
Acidic
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Wet
Attracts Wildlife
Butterflies
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Wet Sun
Native Habitat
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin