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Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple

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Sugar maples have a dense, rounded crown and are one of the trees responsible for giving New England its reputation for spectacular fall color, as the medium green leaves turn brilliant yellow or red-orange in autumn. The familiar two-winged "helicopter" fruit is a favorite food of chipmunks, and they store it away in winter larders. This is a long-lived tree that grows relatively slowly.

Benefits

Birds and other mammals eat the seeds
Provides excellent cover and nest sites for birds
One of the best shade trees
Outstanding fall color

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Plant in full sun to part shade.  Tolerates shade well.  Prefers well-drained, moderately moist, fertile soil.  This is a big tree, so give it plenty of room to reach full size.


Height
60-70 Feet

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Spread
50-60 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Rich woods of Eastern North America, especially on limestone; Nova Scotia to Minnesota and eastern South Dakota to Missouri and Virginia, and in the mountains to Georgia.

Distribution Maps by State and County

Native Trivia

Native Americans taught the early colonists how to tap these trees to make maple syrup that has become a multi-billion dollar industry in the U.S. and Canada.

Distribution Map


"This big stately tree provides ideal nesting sites for me and my bird friends."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Deciduous Trees
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Sun
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Mammals
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Habitat Collection
Songbird
Native Habitat
Forest
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Accent
Meadow
Specimen
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Dakota
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin