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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

Virginia creeper is a deciduous, woody vine that climbs vigorously. Attaching to walls and other surfaces with adhesive disks, handsome, five-fingered leaves emerge purplish in spring, mature to green in summer and change to purple or crimson-red in fall. Clusters of small green-white flowers give rise to dark blue or black berries, which are a bountiful source of food for migrating songbirds in late summer and early fall. Attracts chickadees, nuthatches, mockingbirds, catbirds, finches, flycatchers, tanagers, swallows, vireos, warblers, woodpeckers, and thrushes. A larval host for several species of sphinx moths.

Benefits

Good source of berries for birds in late summer and early fall
Provides cover and nesting sites for a variety of birds
Larval food for a number of hawk moths
Good fall color
Fast grower adapted to a wide variety of conditions

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun to part shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soil and environmental conditions. Attaches by to flat surfaces (e.g., brick, stone or wood walls) by adhesive disks. May also be grown on the ground to cover old stumps, rock piles or other eyesores or for erosion control on slopes.


Height
40-50 Feet

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Spread
40-50 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

Native Range

Woods and clearings: Maine to Ohio and Nebraska south to Texas and Florida.

Native Trivia

Before setting out birdhouses, find out which species of cavity nesting birds are common in your area. Make or buy a birdhouse specifically designed for the bird you wish to attract. The size of the entrance hole is critical to prevent the eggs and young from being destroyed by larger birds and other preditors.


"Profuse berries and thick foliage make this plant one of the birds' food and cover favorites."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Vines
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Sun
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Songbirds
Bloom Time
Late Spring / Early Summer
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Dry Shade
Songbird
Native Habitat
Grassland
Foliage Color
Dark Green
Uses
Accent
Climbing, trailing
Erosion control
Ground cover
Ornamental fruit
Specimen
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin