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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper /

Virginia creeper is a deciduous, woody vine that climbs vigorously. Attaching to walls and other surfaces with adhesive disks, handsome, five-fingered leaves emerge purplish in spring, mature to green in summer and change to purple or crimson-red in fall. Clusters of small green-white flowers give rise to dark blue or black berries, which are a bountiful source of food for migrating songbirds in late summer and early fall. Attracts chickadees, nuthatches, mockingbirds, catbirds, finches, flycatchers, tanagers, swallows, vireos, warblers, woodpeckers, and thrushes. A larval host for several species of sphinx moths.

Benefits

  • Good source of berries for birds in late summer and early fall
  • Provides cover and nesting sites for a variety of birds
  • Larval food for a number of hawk moths
  • Good fall color
  • Fast grower adapted to a wide variety of conditions

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun to part shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soil and environmental conditions. Attaches by to flat surfaces (e.g., brick, stone or wood walls) by adhesive disks. May also be grown on the ground to cover old stumps, rock piles or other eyesores or for erosion control on slopes.


Height
40-50 Feet

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Spread
40-50 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

Native Range

Woods and clearings: Maine to Ohio and Nebraska south to Texas and Florida.

Native Trivia

Before setting out birdhouses, find out which species of cavity nesting birds are common in your area. Make or buy a birdhouse specifically designed for the bird you wish to attract. The size of the entrance hole is critical to prevent the eggs and young from being destroyed by larger birds and other preditors.


"Profuse berries and thick foliage make this plant one of the birds' food and cover favorites."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Vines
Exposure
  • Filtered Shade
  • Sun
Soil
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Moist
  • Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
  • Beneficial insects
  • Butterflies
  • Songbirds
Bloom Time
  • Late Spring / Early Summer
Critter Resistance
  • Deer Resistant
Habitat Collection
  • Butterfly
  • Dry Shade
  • Songbird
Native Habitat
  • Grassland
Foliage Color
  • Dark Green
Uses
  • Accent
  • Climbing, trailing
  • Erosion control
  • Ground cover
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Specimen
Native to
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin