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Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine /

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Eastern white pine is a rapid-growing, long-lived, needled evergreen that is pyramidal in its early years but matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown. Blue-green needles are soft to the touch and make a soothing sound when wind passes through the branches. The evergreen needles provide good year round cover for all types of birds, including hawks and owls (raptors). Brown, 4-8" long cones are produced when trees reach (about) 10' tall. The seeds, bark and foliage are eaten by wildlife.


  • Fast growing evergreen tree
  • Good year round cover for birds
  • Provides nesting sites for owls, hawks, bald eagles and other raptors
  • Seeds in cones provide food for birds and other wildlife
  • Larval food for eastern pine elfins

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun to part shade. Prefers full sun, fertile soils and cool, humid climates but tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Landscape size and shape can be controlled through pruning, to the extent that white pine may be sheared and grown as a hedge. If left unsheared, it is becomes a large, stately tree so give it plenty of room to reach full size.

60-80 Feet


30-40 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

Native Range

Native to the eastern half of North America and found on upland, mesic sand or loam sites, north slopes and rocky stream banks.

Native Trivia

Windbreaks can reduce winter fuel consumption by 10 to 25 percent and provide excellent habitat for wildlife. A barrier planting of fast growing evergreens like Eastern white pine can divert cold winds from hitting the house while at the same time, birds such as mourning doves, quail, wild turkey, and various species of waterfowl regularly roost, feed and nest in windbreaks. Small mammals will also use windbreaks for cover.

"Everybody loves this evergreen tree! It provides food and shelter for birds, waterfowl and mammals."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Conifers
  • Filtered Shade
  • Sun
  • Acidic
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Dry
  • Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
  • Mammals
  • Songbirds
Critter Resistance
  • Deer Resistant
Habitat Collection
  • Songbird
Native Habitat
  • Forest
  • Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
  • Green
  • Accent
  • Evergreen
  • Hedge, screen
  • Mass plant
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Specimen
  • Wind tolerant
Native to
  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin