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Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine

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Eastern white pine is a rapid-growing, long-lived, needled evergreen that is pyramidal in its early years but matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown. Blue-green needles are soft to the touch and make a soothing sound when wind passes through the branches. The evergreen needles provide good year round cover for all types of birds, including hawks and owls (raptors). Brown, 4-8" long cones are produced when trees reach (about) 10' tall. The seeds, bark and foliage are eaten by wildlife.

Benefits

Fast growing evergreen tree
Good year round cover for birds
Provides nesting sites for owls, hawks, bald eagles and other raptors
Seeds in cones provide food for birds and other wildlife
Larval food for eastern pine elfins

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun to part shade. Prefers full sun, fertile soils and cool, humid climates but tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Landscape size and shape can be controlled through pruning, to the extent that white pine may be sheared and grown as a hedge. If left unsheared, it is becomes a large, stately tree so give it plenty of room to reach full size.


Height
60-80 Feet

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Spread
30-40 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

Native Range

Native to the eastern half of North America and found on upland, mesic sand or loam sites, north slopes and rocky stream banks.

Native Trivia

Windbreaks can reduce winter fuel consumption by 10 to 25 percent and provide excellent habitat for wildlife. A barrier planting of fast growing evergreens like Eastern white pine can divert cold winds from hitting the house while at the same time, birds such as mourning doves, quail, wild turkey, and various species of waterfowl regularly roost, feed and nest in windbreaks. Small mammals will also use windbreaks for cover.


"Everybody loves this evergreen tree! It provides food and shelter for birds, waterfowl and mammals."

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
Conifers
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Sun
Soil
Acidic
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Mammals
Songbirds
Habitat Collection
Songbird
Native Habitat
Forest
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Accent
Evergreen
Hedge, screen
Mass plant
Ornamental fruit
Specimen
Wind tolerant
Native to
Alabama
Arizona
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin