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Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Red Cedar

This evergreen conifer is the best bird attracting tree in Eastern North America. Its 25' pyramidal form provides dense cover year round, and its shredding bark is used by many birds for nest construction. Female trees produce round, gray or bluish berry-like cones which 80 species of birds adore. Cedar waxwings earned their common name because of their reliance on the fruit.

Benefits

  • Dense evergreen provides year round cover and nesting sites for many birds
  • 80 species of birds feed on the fruit
  • Host plant for olive hairstreak butterfly
  • Fragrant foliage and wood
  • Adapts to almost any growing condition and makes a good windbreak

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Easy to grow in full sun. Prefers moist soils, but has the best drought resistance of any conifer native to the eastern U. S. Tolerates a wide range of soils and growing conditions, from swamps to dry rocky areas. Plant in masses to assure good berry set.


Height
25-30 Feet

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Spread
10-12 Feet

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

Native Range

Old fields, pastures, roadsides, balds, and margins of swamps from southern Quebec to southern Ontario, Minnesota and southern Iowa south to Texas and Florida.

Native Trivia

The Eastern red cedar is a valuable commercial tree. The heartwood is reddish-brown and aromatic, and is commonly used for cedar chests and closets because it repels insects. The wood is also used for interior finish, fence posts, poles and pencils.

Characteristics & Attributes

Sun
Butterflies
Songbirds
Deer Resistant
Wet Sun
Ground cover
Plan Sub Group
Conifers
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Bloom Time
Late Spring / Early Summer
Critter Resistance
Rabbit Resistant
Habitat Collection
Dry Shade
Songbird
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Accent
Border
Drought tolerant
Erosion control
Evergreen
Mass plant
Rock garden
Wind tolerant
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin