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Aesculus parviflora

Bottlebrush Buckeye

This beautiful native shrub is prized in European gardens yet underused in this country. The flowers bloom on long stems with milky white petals that resemble bottlebrushes. They flower for an extended period in June and July to the delight of hummingbirds and butterflies. They are at home nestled under large shade trees and work extremely well on embankments for erosion control. Famed plant collector William Bartram first noted this shrub on his travels in 1773-78. Today, the shrub has been awarded with numerous commendations including: the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society, the Theodore Klein Plant Award (Kentucky) and the Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society.

Benefits

  • Blooms in June and July with stunning 12” long, white blossoms
  • Summer flowers are a magnate for hummingbirds and butterflies
  • Foliage stays looking good all season and turns bright yellow in fall
  • Provides cover and nesting for song birds
  • No pruning required
  • Remarkably disease resistant

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

Bottlebrush buckeyes thrive in sun to partial shade. They like moist, well-drained soil that’s high in organic matter. Give them room to grow and they will not need pruning.  


 


Height
8-12 ft

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Spread
8-15 ft

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Found in rich, mesic woods and moist ravines.

Native Trivia

Create a pollinator friendly backyard by planting natives plants that attract them. Instead of filling up the feeder with sugar water try planting beautiful, native shrubs like this one and feed your hummers and butterflies their natural and preferred diet. 

Good Companions
American Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana), Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides), American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)

Characteristics & Attributes

Shade
Sun
Beneficial insects
Butterflies
Songbirds
Deer Resistant
Plan Sub Group
Medium to Tall Shrubs
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil
Acidic
Humus-rich
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Moist
Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
Hummingbirds
Bloom Time
Late Spring / Early Summer
Summer
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Songbird
Native Habitat
Forest
Riparian, wetland
Foliage Color
Dark Green
Green
Uses
Accent
Border
Erosion control
Hedge, screen
Mass plant
Naturalizes
Specimen
Native to
Alabama
District of Columbia
Georgia
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
South Carolina