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Parthenium integrifolium

Wild Quinine,American Feverfew

Unique flowers are quite showy, resembling small white pearls from a distance. They flower from May to August providing nectar and pollen for beneficial insects. Flowers sit on stems 3' above the coarse dark green foliage that remain close to the ground to provide great cover. 

Benefits

  • Some shade is tolerated and soil may vary from moist to dry
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Flowers are attractive in a prairie garden
  • Deer and rabbits tend to leave this plant alone
  • Easy to grow and maintain

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

The preference is full sun and mesic conditions. However, a small amount of shade is tolerated, and the soil can vary from moist to slightly dry.


Height
3-4 Feet

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Spread
18-24 Inches

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Moist meadows and swamps from Maine west to North Dakota and south to Oklahoma and Georgia.

Native Trivia

Wild quinine is also commonly called American Feverfew due to its widespread use in past generations. These plants were once used by Native Americans medicinally to reduce fevers and as a diuretic.

Wild quinine was also used as a substitute for the bark of the Cinchona tree during World War I, in an attempt to maintain the supply of quinine to treat malaria.

Characteristics & Attributes

Sun
Beneficial insects
Deer Resistant
Plan Sub Group
Medium Perennials
Exposure
Filtered Shade
Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
Soil
Well-drained
Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
Average
Dry
Moist but well-drained
Bloom Time
Late Spring / Early Summer
Late Summer
Summer
Critter Resistance
Rabbit Resistant
Habitat Collection
Butterfly
Native Habitat
Grassland
Foliage Color
Green
Uses
Meadow
Naturalizes
Specimen
Native to
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin