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Parthenium integrifolium

Wild Quinine,American Feverfew /

Unique flowers are quite showy, resembling small white pearls from a distance. They flower from May to August providing nectar and pollen for beneficial insects. Flowers sit on stems 3' above the coarse dark green foliage that remain close to the ground to provide great cover. 

Benefits

  • Some shade is tolerated and soil may vary from moist to dry
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Flowers are attractive in a prairie garden
  • Deer and rabbits tend to leave this plant alone
  • Easy to grow and maintain

Homeowner Growing and Maintenance Tips

The preference is full sun and mesic conditions. However, a small amount of shade is tolerated, and the soil can vary from moist to slightly dry.


Height
3-4 Feet

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Spread
18-24 Inches

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Native Range

Moist meadows and swamps from Maine west to North Dakota and south to Oklahoma and Georgia.

Native Trivia

Wild quinine is also commonly called American Feverfew due to its widespread use in past generations. These plants were once used by Native Americans medicinally to reduce fevers and as a diuretic.

Wild quinine was also used as a substitute for the bark of the Cinchona tree during World War I, in an attempt to maintain the supply of quinine to treat malaria.


"Nectar and pollen feed many beneficial insects and the big leaves provide cover for me!"

Characteristics & Attributes

Plan Sub Group
  • Medium Perennials
Exposure
  • Filtered Shade
  • Morning Sun / Afternoon Shade
  • Sun
Soil
  • Well-drained
  • Wide soil tolerance
Soil Moisture Preference
  • Average
  • Dry
  • Moist but well-drained
Attracts Wildlife
  • Beneficial insects
Bloom Time
  • Late Spring / Early Summer
  • Late Summer
  • Summer
Critter Resistance
  • Deer Resistant
  • Rabbit Resistant
Habitat Collection
  • Butterfly
Native Habitat
  • Grassland
Foliage Color
  • Green
Uses
  • Meadow
  • Naturalizes
  • Specimen
Native to
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin